Design and types of interior doors | We are building a house

What will you learn from the article?

Before we make a decision, let's decide what we can choose from. First of all, due to the way of opening, internal doors are divided into:

Pull-open - the most popular and offered in the largest range. They can be single and double leaf. Importantly - single-leaf doors are left or right. How to determine what we need? When standing in a room with a door opening, let's look at the hinges. If they are on the left side (the leaf opens clockwise) - the door is left, if on the right - right.

Sliding - one or two wings slide on the rail. They are hung on trolleys in a guide mounted above the door opening. When opened, the sash overlaps the wall or hides in a cassette hidden inside. In this variant, the replacement of the door involves the demolition of a part of the wall and the construction of a new one, made of steel profiles and plasterboard. Sliding doors work well in rooms where there is no place for traditional opening.

Partition wall with a sliding door cassette during construction (photo on the left) and after its completion (photo on the right). (photo by Eclisse)

Folding (broken) and accordion - in a folding door, the leaf is made of two or three vertical elements, connected by hinges. Pleated ones are similar to them, except that there are more narrow elements. The leaf moves along the rail mounted in the upper part of the frame.

Such doors take up less space, but when folded, they reduce the width of the opening.

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Swinging - the sash can be opened to both sides by swinging movement. They rarely appear in single-family houses. Standard interior doors are 203 cm high (clear opening 200 cm), some can be shortened a little. The width of the door to the room, kitchen and bathroom (measured in the light of the opening) should be at least 80 cm, the entrance to the pantry or wardrobe may be narrower. Standard swing door leaves are 60, 70, 80, 90 to 100 cm wide, and sliding door leaves are 80 to 100 cm wide.

Internal doors can be made of:

When it comes to construction, wood and panel doors are divided into:

Cross-section of slab (a) and paneled (b) doors. (picture by Drew-Holtz)

In addition, the doors can be rebated or non-rebated. The former have cutouts on the edges of the sashes, which increase the contact surface of the sash to the frame. The second ones do not have such cutouts. The difference is visible at first glance - the wing of the non-rebated door, when closed, forms one plane with the frame, and the hinges are invisible. A characteristic step between the leaf and the frame is visible in the rebated door. The hinges are easier to adjust and tend to be lighter.

In non-rebated doors there is no step between the leaf and the frame, and the hinges are invisible. (photo: PIU Design)

You also need to know that the doors leading to rooms with ventilation exhaust ducts (kitchens, bathrooms, toilets, wardrobes) must have an undercut or ventilation openings. The gap between the leaf and the floor should be 2.5 cm, the minimum area of ​​the ventilation openings is 220 cm2. Doors to bathrooms, toilets and boiler rooms must not open inwards.

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Janusz Werner opening: Eclisse